A healthy diet is essential for people with diabetes but does not have to vary that much from the daily diet of someone without diabetes. There are dietary guidelines for people with diabetes published by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) that are in line with the basic daily diet of people without diabetes. The guidelines are primarily centred on fruits and veg, whole grain foods, legumes and low fat dairy products.
The main issue for people is too much intake of refined carbohydrates. Refined carbohydrates include; white bread, pasta, rice, sweets and soft drinks. These refined carbohydrates cause sharp spikes in blood sugar levels as well as increasing triglycerides and lowers HDL cholesterol also known as ‘good cholesterol’. There are good sources of carbohydrates such as vegetables, fruits and wholegrains. Swap white bread, pasta and rice with brown to increase your fibre intake. Carbohydrate intake is essential for people with diabetes and accounts for approximately 45%-55% of the total calories consumed daily (HealthBeat, 2015).
People need a high fibre diet to moderate blood sugar levels as high-fibre foods are digested slowly. Fibre can be found in two forms. Insoluble fibre found in whole grain foods and soluble fibre found in legumes, oats and fruits. “Soluble fibre in particular appears to lower blood sugar levels by improving insulin sensitivity, which may mean you need less diabetes medicine” (HealthBeat, 2015). According to He et al, consuming plenty of fibre in your diet reduces the chances of developing coronary heart disease which is essential for people with diabetes (He et al, 2007).
Diabetes Ireland emphasises that “Eating a wide variety of foods is the key to ensuring that you get all the nutrients you need.” People need more to consume more than 40 nutrients daily and this cannot come from limited food sources. Diabetes Ireland have an extensive set of guidelines for nutrition of people with type 2 diabetes: enter link.
The benefits of health screening can be felt by both the employer and the employee alike. Health screening is an effective way of increasing employee morale, and leads to reduced sickness and levels of absenteeism.
Smoking Cessation Programmes, Carbon Monoxide Lung Analysis, Cardiovascular Risk Assessment, Alcohol Awareness/Risk Assessment, Spirometry, Celiac Testing, Weight and Stress Management.