What is Age related Macular Degeneration?
Age related Macular Degeneration as the name suggests occurs with increasing age, and results in the degeneration of the macula. The macula is located at the back of the eye and is the area responsible for colour vision, and the appreciation of fine detail. AMD is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in people over the age of 50.
The condition affects about 70,000 people in Ireland and over 13 million throughout the EU. AMD is particularly frustrating as it results in a loss of central vision, so the person cannot see what they are looking at directly.
There are two forms of the condition, early AMD and late AMD. With early AMD the degeneration of the retina is associated with the formation of small yellow deposits called drusen and pigmentary changes to the macula. Central vision is normally unaffected in the early stages. Loss of central vision occurs with late AMD.
AMD is due to free radicals within the eye. Free radicals are unstable substances produced in response to our use of oxygen and blue light entering the eye. As we all breathe in oxygen and are exposed to blue light AMD is practically unavoidable. The condition is worsened by smoking, being overweight having high cholesterol, high blood pressure and a poor diet.
What does macular degeneration health screening involve?
The test provides a fast, reliable reading in less than one minute per eye. The patient looks into the instrument and a series of flickering lights will appear and when identified the patient confirms by clicking on an identification switch. A Data Quality algorithm then analyses the data and reports back on the validity of the results.
Depending on the results of the test, we may recommend you see a GP for a further assessment
Trinity scientists have found that a component of the immune system, 'IL-18', acts as a guardian of eyesight by suppressing the production of damaging blood vessels behind the retina at the back of the eye. This is an alternative to the current treatment of regular injections of antibodies must be made directly into the eye. In addition, in pre-clinical models, it was shown that 'IL-18' can be administered in a non-invasive way, which could represent a major improvement on the current therapeutic options that are open to patients.
The benefits of health screening can be felt by both the employer and the employee alike. Health screening is an effective way of increasing employee morale, and leads to reduced sickness and levels of absenteeism.
Smoking Cessation Programmes, Carbon Monoxide Lung Analysis, Cardiovascular Risk Assessment, Alcohol Awareness/Risk Assessment, Spirometry, Celiac Testing, Weight and Stress Management.